15 - 60
# Ancient Greece
# Strategic
# Competitive
# Plain
# Capture
# action selection
# set-up
# Social
# Strategy
# Tactics

How to set-up

1. Petteia is played on an 8-by-8 square with 64 squares.

2. Each player selects 8 BEADs the colour of their choice.

3. BEADs are placed on the row of 8 squares closest to the player.

4. Players decide who starts by rolling a die.

How to play

1. In turns, each player moves a BEAD 1 square either horizontally or vertically.

2. BEADs can only move onto empty squares.

3. A BEAD is captured when it is surrounded on 2 sides (left and right or top and bottom) by their opponent’s BEADs.

4. A player can capture multiple BEADs when surrounding either side of a line of their opponent’s BEADs.

5. A BEAD in the corner can be captured when 2 BEADs are placed across the corner.

6. The outside edge of the board cannot be used to capture BEADs; 2 BEADs must always be used to capture BEADs.

7. A BEAD can be moved between 2 opponent’s BEADs without being captured.

8. Captured BEADs are removed from the board.

How to win

1. To win the game, a player must capture all their opponent’s BEADs.

2. A player can also win by surrounding all their opponent’s BEADs so that their opponent cannot move.


1. The Greek game Petteia (AKA Poleis, Polis, City, Cities, Pessoi, or Pebbles) is played on boards of differing sizes with black and white stones initially lined up on opposite sides.

2. In the basic version, an 8 by 8 board was used. They were lined up in the eight squares on each player's side. Similar complete or nearly complete sets of glass stones and boards also suggest that the number of stones matched the number of squares on each player's side, regardless of the board size. We can be very certain, therefore, of this as the starting arrangement in Petteia. We can assume, from the Essex find of the Latrunculi board, that Black plays first.

3. Petteia bears a strong resemblance to the Japanese game Hasami Shogi.